Dystonia is a condition where your muscles contract by themselves, causing parts of your body to move in ways you didn’t plan, resulting in twisting, strange postures, or repetitive movements, like your muscles playing a tune you didn’t pick.
Learn More about Dystonia and Seizures: Dive deeper into understanding these conditions and their treatments.
Seizures, however, are like unexpected electrical storms happening in your brain. These storms can change the way you feel, move, or behave for a brief period. Unlike dystonia, which is more about muscle control, seizures are sudden changes in your brain’s electrical activity.
Dystonia and seizures, each unique, both require understanding and management for better health and quality of life. Dr Gurneet Singh Sawhney, the best neurosurgeon in Mumbai, is dedicated to treating his patients with dystonia and seizures to improve their quality of life.
Contact Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney: Schedule a consultation with Mumbai’s top neurosurgeon for expert care in dystonia and seizure management.
In this blog, he shares valuable insights on why correct diagnosis is important for recommending suitable treatment to such patients.
What is Dystonia?
Dystonia is a disorder causing involuntary muscle contractions, leading to repetitive movements or abnormal postures.
Discover the causes of dystonia with Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney’s expert insights – read here to learn more.
Causes of Dystonia
- Genetic Factors: Some forms of dystonia are inherited due to genetic changes
- Brain Damage: Injury or damage to the brain from strokes, tumors, or oxygen deprivation.
- Infections and Immune Responses: Infections or autoimmune diseases that affect the brain.
- Medications: some medications used for the nervous system can cause Dystonia.
- Other Diseases: Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and Wilson’s disease are also linked with dystonia, sometimes
Dystonia from a Neurological Viewpoint
Dystonia occurs when the basal ganglia and other areas of the brain are improperly working. The nerve cells then send incorrect signals and cause unexpected movement of the muscles.
Now, let’s uncover the mystery: Learn what causes seizures
What are Seizures?
Seizures happen when there’s a sudden burst of electrical activity in your brain, like a sudden electrical storm. This can change the way you feel or act for a little while.
Causes of Seizures
- Brain Injury: Injuries to the head can lead to seizures.
- Medical Conditions: Conditions like epilepsy, stroke, or very high fever can cause seizures.
- Genetics: Sometimes seizures are caused by inherited genetic factors.
- Infections: Infections such as meningitis can lead to seizures.
- Drug and Alcohol Use: Withdrawal from drugs or alcohol, or certain drug use, can trigger seizures.
- Brain Tumors: Tumors in the brain can disrupt normal brain activity and cause seizures.
Seizures from a Neurological Viewpoint
From a neurological standpoint, seizures are the result of excessive and abnormal brain activity. It’s as if the normal communication between nerve cells in the brain gets overloaded, leading to a sudden, temporary disruption in brain function.
Dr. Gurneet Singh Sawhney, a leading neurosurgeon in Mumbai, offers dystonia treatment as well as seizure treatment. He will examine your symptoms, medical history, and test results.
For instance, in cases like Acute Symptomatic Seizures, where seizures arise as a result of an underlying cause such as trauma or infection, an accurate diagnosis becomes even more critical. Identifying the root cause enables Dr. Sawhney to devise effective strategies to manage both the acute symptoms and the underlying issue.
Have you ever wondered? Why correct diagnosis is crucial in treating neurological disorders like dystonia and seizures.
Know more about diagnosis, which help figure out if you or loved ones have dystonia, seizures, or something else and how to help you best.
How are Dystonia and Seizures Diagnosed and Differentiated?
|Looking for muscle contractions, twisting movements, or abnormal postures.
|Observing sudden changes in behavior, sensations, or movements.
|Checking for family history of dystonia, previous muscle issues.
|Exploring past head injuries, strokes, infections, or family history of seizures.
|Examining muscle tone, coordination, and movement control.
|Conducting neurological exams to check brain function and reflexes.
|Blood tests, MRI, or genetic testing to rule out other conditions.
|EEG (Electroencephalogram) to see brain’s electrical activity, sometimes MRI.
|Often involves a neurologist specializing in movement disorders.
|Usually evaluated by a neurologist with expertise in epilepsy or brain disorders.
Get a Diagnosis: If you’re experiencing symptoms of dystonia or seizures, reach out for a comprehensive evaluation.
He proceeds to elaborate on two distinct dystonia conditions viz.
While cervical dystonia and seizures are both neurological conditions, they are unrelated. Cervical dystonia affects muscle control in the neck. While seizures relate to abnormal brain activity. It’s vital to detect a common underlying cause if a patient experiences both of them.
Faciobrachial dystonic seizures cause sudden movements in the face and arm and are treated with immunotherapy. This is because they usually come from a condition called anti-LGI1 encephalitis. The body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the brain in this condition.
Dr Gurneet Singh Sawhney offers comprehensive seizure treatment in Mumbai which include steroids, immune system medicines, or plasma exchange, which helps clean the blood of harmful antibodies.
Sometimes, doctors also use seizure medicines, but they don’t always work as well for these kinds of seizures. It’s essential to start treatment early to get better results and avoid other problems.
Are there any specific treatments recommended when dealing with both dystonia and seizures?
When you have both dystonia and seizures, the treatment needs to be careful because we’re dealing with two different issues. Doctors often suggest medications for dystonia that help relax your muscles and reduce unwanted movements. Sometimes, doctors recommend physical therapy to help with muscle control. In some cases, surgery might be an option too.
For seizures, the primary treatment is usually medication to control or reduce the number of seizures you have. These are called anti-epileptic drugs. It’s essential to take these medicines exactly as your doctor tells you. Sometimes, neurologists may suggest special diets or another type of therapy to help with seizure control.
The key is finding the right balance of treatments that work for both conditions without causing too many side effects. Your doctor will work closely with you to monitor how the treatments are going and make changes if needed.
Make sure to consult a noted neurosurgeon to understand fully the treatment for dystonia and seizures.
Know the role of genetics in dystonia and seizures….Read carefully
Are Dystonia and Seizures Genetically Linked?
About 30% of dystonia cases are believed to be genetic.
In families with genetic dystonia, it often starts at a young age and may affect more than one family member.
Seizures and Genetics:
In the case of epilepsy, which involves seizures, approximately 30% to 40% of patients have a genetic component.
Having a family member with epilepsy increases your risk but does not guarantee you will have it.
Not all cases of dystonia or seizures are due to genetics.
Brain injuries, infections, and certain medications can also cause these conditions.
Each person’s health situation is unique, so genetics is just one part of the puzzle.
Can dystonia cause seizures?
No, dystonia itself doesn’t cause seizures. They are different: dystonia is about muscle movements that you can’t control, and seizures are like sudden electrical bursts in your brain that change how you feel or act for a bit. But sometimes, the same health problem can cause both dystonia and seizures. If someone has both, doctors must look into why that’s happening.
In summary, Dystonia and seizures are separate medical conditions with different causes.
Dystonia involves involuntary muscle contractions, leading to repetitive movements or abnormal postures, while seizures are sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain, temporarily affecting a person’s feelings or actions.
Although dystonia does not directly cause seizures, they can both occur as
symptoms of the same underlying health issue, such as genetic disorders, brain
injuries, or infections.
It’s important for individuals experiencing either or both conditions to consult with healthcare professionals for a proper diagnosis and tailored treatment plan.
Seeking a comprehensive treatment plan for dystonia from an experienced neurosurgeon is a must.
Please feel free to approach Dr Gurneet Singh Sawhney, a versatile Neurosurgeon in India and stay updated with advanced techniques to treat conditions like dystonia and seizures effectively.
Read FAQs on Dystonia and Seizures: Gain insights and answers to common questions about these neurological conditions.
Q. Can children have both dystonia and seizures, and how are they managed?
A. Yes, children can have both dystonia and seizures. Dystonia is a movement disorder where muscles contract uncontrollably, causing twisting or repetitive movements. Seizures are sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbances in the brain. They can affect how a person acts or feels for a short time. To manage both, doctors use different treatments. For dystonia, medications, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery help control muscle movements. Neurologists treat seizures with anti-epileptic drugs. In certain cases, a special diet or devices that affect brain activity can help. Each child is different, so doctors make a plan that fits their specific needs.
Q. Is it possible to live normally with dystonia and seizures?
A. Yes, many people with dystonia and seizures can lead a normal life. It’s important to work closely with doctors to manage the symptoms of seizures. Many people control their symptoms well with the right treatment plan, which may include medication, therapy, or surgery. Having a strong support network of family, friends, and support groups is also helpful. It is essential to stay positive, be patient, and adapt to certain lifestyle changes to live well with these conditions.
Q. Is dystonia a type of seizure?
A. No, dystonia is not a type of seizure. Dystonia is a movement disorder that causes muscles to contract uncontrollably. This results in twisting, repetitive movements, or abnormal postures. On the other hand, seizures are caused by sudden, uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain. They can affect behavior, movements, or feelings for a short period. While both dystonia and seizures involve the nervous system, they are different conditions with different causes, symptoms, and treatment approaches, requiring specialized medical attention for effective management.
Stay Informed: Keep up-to-date with the latest research and developments in the treatment of dystonia and seizures.