Neurotrauma Surgery – All You Need To Know

Sudden damage to the brain, nerves, or spine is known as neurotrauma. Common injuries include concussions, traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal column fractures, skull fractures, and spinal cord injuries (SCI).

Gurneet Sawhney Created on 11th Oct, 21

Many people in India and abroad suffer from neurotrauma. They search for the best neurosurgeon in India for treatment. Are you suffering from neurotrauma as well? In this article, we will discuss neurotrauma and how neurotrauma surgery can help treat the condition.


Let us start with what neurotrauma is.


What is neurotrauma?

Sudden damage to the brain, nerves, or spine is known as neurotrauma. Common injuries include concussions, traumatic brain injury (TBI), spinal column fractures, skull fractures, and spinal cord injuries (SCI).


Several hospitals have a team of specially trained and equipped neurosurgeons to diagnose and treat all cases of neurotrauma. Let us look at the different forms of neurotrauma.


1 . Damage to the brain

A minor injury to the head or severe brain trauma are both forms of head injury. A blow to the head or skull may cause the condition. Head injuries will occur If you fall or undergo a sudden deceleration and acceleration. 


Such head injury will cause the brain cells to become dysfunctional. The seriousness of your injuries determines the severity of the trauma and how long it will last. The following are examples of brain traumas:

  • Head injury
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) (mild)
  • Moderately severe TBI
  • Injury to the craniofacial region
  • Hematoma in the epidural space
  • Subdural hematoma (acute)
  • Subdural hematoma, both acute and chronic
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage due to a traumatic brain injury
  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI) with substantial implications (typically involves a coma)
  • A severe brain injury
  • Traumatic damage resulting in intracerebral hemorrhage/brain contusion
  • A traumatic cerebrospinal fluid spill
  • Pseudoaneurysm due to a traumatic experience
  • Cerebral artery damage that is not life-threatening
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Trauma to the spinal column (thoracic, cervical, or lumbosacral spine) or spinal cord may occur because of a slip, fall, or vehicle crash.

2. Spine damage

There are many types of spine damage, each of different severities, just like head injuries. You can either be paralyzed or become weak because of such injuries


Diagnosis of Neurotrauma

Neurotrauma may happen on its own or in combination with other bodily injuries. Many patients who have sustained a major spinal or brain injury head to the ER without making an appointment.


When you arrive at the emergency department, the doctor will examine you right away to see whether you have had a spinal or brain injury. The doctor will get a better view of the trauma with a brain scan. In most cases, doctors will do computed tomography (CAT or CT) scan of the spine or brain or use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).


Treatment for neurotrauma

Neurotrauma on the head or spine is usually treated with surgery. The most common neurotrauma surgery for the head is decompressive craniectomy.


decompressive craniectomy is a procedure in which a fragment of the skull is removed to allow the brain to partially expand and regenerate. It can be used to treat a traumatic brain injury. An expert team of neurosurgeons will be able to restore the original bone in some cases.


The following are some of the most important causes for a decompressive craniectomy:

  • Traumatic brain injury (TBI): A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a brain injury caused by excessive force. It may happen because of an experience that involves a severe blow to the brain. Swelling of the brain is common after a TBI.
  • Stroke: Certain strokes will result in swelling of the brain. The elevated blood pressure caused by the swelling is a warning factor for further strokes.


Many people who suffer from minor traumatic injuries to the head or spine recover and live normal lives. In some cases, after a minor injury, such as a concussion, you can have symptoms that do not go away. If this happens, the neuro team at your hospital will continue to work with you.


For complete recovery after a neurotrauma surgery, your specialist might recommend going for physiotherapies.

If you have a neurotrauma injury, do not worry. Look for the best neurosurgeon and get your treatment done as soon as possible.



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