The spine is a vital and one of the most fragile parts of the body. The human spine is made of several interconnected parts. It supports, mobilizes, innervates, and cushions the body.
However, things may not go smoothly, and the spine may suffer issues. Bulging or herniated discs are one of the most frequent spinal conditions.
Large incisions, long healing times, and traumatic recovery used to be associated with conventional spinal surgery. Surgical advancements, such as the microdiscectomy, have helped to change the procedure.
What is Microdiscectomy?
- Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. Spine surgeons are adept in microdiscectomy. They often perform this surgery on patients with a herniated lumbar disc or severe sciatica.
- Only some of the best spine surgeons in Mumbai have expertise in performing minimally invasive microdiscectomy as it is a complex procedure.
- The spine surgeons use advanced instruments and magnifying microscopes to achieve optimal performance.
- The innovations in instrumentation cause only minor damage to the operated area and the adjacent tissues.
Now, let’s understand,
For Which Spinal Conditions Is Microdiscectomy Recommended?
- The contraction of the spinal cord causes sciatica, which is a debilitating disease. Herniation of the lumbar disc is the most common cause of the compression.
- As the condition progresses, the harmed tissue spreads into the spine. It causes pinched nerves and radiating pain from the lower extremities.
- Various forms of sciatica recover on their own in several weeks without surgery. A microdiscectomy can be beneficial for patients with severe sciatica over twelve weeks.
The Actual Procedure of Minimally Invasive Microdiscectomy:
- First, the patient is given general anaesthesia. Then, the surgeon will make a minor incision in the back over the spine.
- The surgeon will reach the harmed intervertebral disc in the cervical, thoracic, or lumbar spine through the small incision.
- Back muscles, tendons, and nerves will be softly pulled to the side with micro-instruments to provide unrestricted access to the spine.
- The surgeon will cut small fragments of the harmed disc with micro-instruments to reduce pressure on the neighbouring nerves.
- Muscles and other tissues are released to their proper places. The spine surgeon will either seal the minor incision with sutures or use steri-strips.
- The patient is shifted to the waiting room after surgery. Here, the doctor will observe the patient’s condition and allow them for discharge.
- Yes, you read it correctly. The majority of people will have a microdiscectomy done on the same day. It has been made possible by advancements in minimally invasive technologies and techniques.
The Benefits of a Minimally Invasive Microdiscectomy
With promising outcomes and ongoing advancements in technique and instrumentation, minimally invasive surgery’s advantages become more evident.
Some of the benefits of a minimally invasive microdiscectomy include:
- Less scarring
- Less chance for infection
- Minor incisions
- Less blood loss
- Less post-operative pain
- Shorter hospital stays
- Faster recovery time