Do you frequently have severe headaches?
This throbbing discomfort may be a migraine. Numbness, vomiting, nausea, sleeplessness, sensitivity to light, odours, and sounds, upset stomach, loss of appetite, dizziness, and pale skin are signs of this neurological disorder.
Migraine headaches are classified as with and without aura. Migraine does not strike at a particular age. They can appear as early as childhood, and they can also occur in adults.
Migraine development is linked to the family history of the condition. A neurologist or neurosurgeon can efficiently diagnose migraine headaches by analyzing the patient's medical history and symptoms.
Most individuals confuse migraines with other types of headaches, which is incorrect. Early detection can help to avoid the disease's symptoms. It is unusual to suffer migraine attacks for more than a month. It could indicate that you have chronic migraine.
Your symptoms are avoidable and treatable, so talk to your physician about everything you are worried about. Regardless of the type of migraine you have, there are a variety of treatments that can help you manage your symptoms and, in some cases, reduce the frequency and severity of your migraines.
There is good news for people residing in Mumbai. They can get the most effective migraine headache treatment in Mumbai by contacting Dr. Gurneet Sawhney. He is considered one of the best neurosurgeon in Mumbai. By examining your condition and symptoms thoroughly, Dr. Sawhney can assist you in getting the finest migraine treatment.
To know more about the causes of migraine, triggers, and treatment, read on this informative article.
Causes of Migraine
- Like asthma or diabetes, migraine is a genetic and chronic condition, not a psychological or social condition. Signals from your brain, blood vessels, and surrounding nerves interact to cause pain.
- Specific blood vessel nerves are stimulated during a headache and deliver pain signals to the brain. However, the reason for the activation of these signals is unknown.
- There is a migraine "pain centre" or generator in the midbrain area. Overactive nerve cells deliver impulses to your blood vessels, causing a migraine. This triggers the release of prostaglandins, serotonin, and other chemicals, which cause the blood vessels around the nerve endings to expand, causing pain.
Triggers of Migraine
Things that might aggravate headaches more likely include:
- Change in weather such as storm fronts, strong winds, barometric pressure fluctuations, or changes in altitude.
- Anxiety and tension.
- Excessive tiredness.
- Disturbances in regular sleep patterns.
- Overuse or daily use of headache-relieving drugs.
- Exposure to smoke, perfumes, or other scents.
Treatment of Migraine
Migraine headaches are a type of chronic headache. They can't be treated permanently, but they can be controlled and improved. Dr. Gurneet Sawhney, one of the leading neurosurgeon in India, has immense expertise in diagnosing and managing migraines.
In addition to prescribing medications, he may also recommend some lifestyle modifications that can help you improve your condition. Medication is used in two major therapeutic approaches: abortive and preventative.
- Abortive drugs are most effective when taken at the earliest migraine symptoms. Take them while the pain is still manageable. Abortive medications assist manage or reduce your migraine symptoms, such as pain, nausea, light sensitivity, and so on, by perhaps ending the headache process. Some abortive drugs work by narrowing blood vessels, restoring normalcy, and alleviating pounding discomfort.
- Preventive (prophylactic) drugs may be prescribed when your headaches are severe, occur more than four times a month, and are severely interfering with your daily activities. Preventive drugs lessen the severity and frequency of headaches. To help prevent migraines, your doctor may suggest taking medications daily.
Medications used in treating migraines
Some patients with mild to moderate migraines can benefit from over-the-counter drugs. Ibuprofen, aspirin, acetaminophen, naproxen, and caffeine are the most common components in pain relievers.
When using over-the-counter pain relievers, be cautious. Analgesic rebound headaches or a dependency problem might occur if used excessively. Report to your physician if you take over-the-counter pain relievers more than twice or three times a week. They may recommend more effective prescription drugs.
Migraine headaches can be treated with a variety of prescription medications, including:
- Triptan class of drugs
- Calcium channel blockers
- Calcitonin gene-related (CGRP) monoclonal antibodies
- Antiseizure drugs
Migraine medications are available in various forms, including pills, tablets, injections, suppositories, and nasal sprays. Dr. Gurneet Sawhney may discuss the specific medicine, drug combinations, and formulations that work best for your migraine headache. If necessary, he may prescribe nausea-relieving medications.
Remember, all medications should be prescribed by a headache specialist or a healthcare professional knowledgeable with migraine treatment. As with any medication, it's critical to carefully follow the directions on the label and your doctor’s advice.
Migraine can be controlled, but it takes vigilance, openness, attention to detail, awareness of your surroundings, and the support of a knowledgeable, involved, and compassionate healthcare provider to achieve and maintain control and evolve the treatment plan according to changes in your life.