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Spasticity Treatment


Spasticity and rigidity is a condition in which some muscles are endlessly contracted. This contraction leads to stiffness or tightness of the muscles and can restrict your normal movement, speech and gait.

Spasticity and rigidity is typically caused by damage to the part of the brain or spinal cord which controls voluntary movement. The damage leads to a change in the steadiness of signals between the nervous system and the muscles. This imbalance leads to higher activity in the muscles. Spasticity undesirably affects muscles and joints of the extremities and is mostly harmful to children of growing age. There are two main types of spasticity: flexor and extensor.

icon What Causes Spasticity? One of the main causes of spasticity is owing to an imbalance of signals from the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) to the muscles. This imbalance is frequently found in individuals with spinal cord injury, cerebral palsy, traumatic brain injury, stroke and multiple sclerosis.

icon What are symptoms of spasticity?

Following are the symptoms which can indicate the concern of spasticity:

  • Augmented muscle tone

  • Involuntary movements

  • Spasms (fast and/or sustained involuntary muscle contractions)

  • Clonus (series of quick involuntary contractions)

  • Pain or uneasiness

  • Fewer ability to function

  • Concerns with care and hygiene

  • Abnormal posture

  • Contracture (permanent tightening of the muscle and tendon owing to severe long-term stiffness and spasms)

  • Bone and joint abnormalities

  • Poor quality of life

icon Treatment for Spasticity: There are several types of treatment for Spasticity available that must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis, depending on the fundamental cause, age of the patient and intensity of the spasticity. The best treatment for spasticity should also include a caregiver work with a team of healthcare professionals from diverse areas, to come up with a personalized treatment plan.

Baclofen pump therapy is one of the many ways to treat spasticity. Baclofen pump surgery is a surgical procedure done to permanently implant a pump which delivers baclofen to the spinal fluid to treat severe to moderate-severe spasticity which is refractory to oral medications. The goal of the baclofen pump surgery is to decrease spasticity related to multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, or other neurological diseases. The right spasticity treatment may make work, school, activities, and caregiving simpler. By delivering baclofen directly to the spinal fluid, the baclofen pump therapy can be helpful in controlling spasticity and dystonia at doses 100 times lesser than baclofen pills.