Seizure Treatment

Qualification

Dr. Gurneet provides complete evaluation and treatment for patients with epilepsy, seizure disorder and various seizure-associated indications including memory and mood issues. Our seizure treatment program in Mumbai is led by Dr. Gurneet who is an experienced neurosurgeon in Mumbai, recognized in the research, diagnosis, and medicinal treatments for epilepsy. Our program provides safe, effective and advanced surgical treatments for these disorders.

If anti-seizure medications aren't successful, other treatments might be an option:

icon Surgery: The aim of surgery is to end seizures from happening. Surgeons locate and get rid of the area of your brain where seizures begin. Surgery works best for patients who have seizures that continuously instigate in the same place in their brains.

icon Vagus Nerve Stimulation: A device rooted underneath the skin of your chest rouses the vagus nerve in your neck, sending signals to your brain that prevent seizures. With Vagus Nerve Stimulation, you will still need to take medication, but you might be able to lower the dose.

icon Responsive Neurostimulation: During responsive neurostimulation, a device is fixed on the surface of your brain or within brain tissue can identify seizure activity and provide an electrical stimulation to the detected area to end the seizure.

icon Deep Brain Stimulation: Doctors insert electrodes within definite areas of your brain to create electrical impulses that control abnormal brain activity. The electrodes attached to a pacemaker-like device placed under the skin of your chest, which regulates the amount of stimulation produced.

icon Dietary Therapy: Following a ketogenic diet that's high in fat and low in carbohydrates, can enhance seizure control. Variations on a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet, such as the low glycemic index and modified Atkins diets, though less effective, aren't as restrictive as the ketogenic diet and might offer benefit.

Above, we have discussed the treatment options for seizures. After a complete evaluation and assessment of all the diagnostic information, Dr.Gurneet Singh Sawhney, a leading neurosurgeon in Mumbai, will recommend the best treatment option for you.

Seizures are an abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This can cause noticeable symptoms such as violent shaking and loss of control,or in some cases,there are no symptoms at all.


Types of seizures

Seizures are of two main types, focal onset seizure and generalized onset seizure.

  1. Focal onset seizure
    Focal onset seizures,also called partial-onset seizures, occur in one area of the brain.Depending on whetheryou are aware that you are having a seizure, it is further classified into a focal aware seizure and focal impaired awareness seizure.

  2. Generalized onset seizures
    Generalized onset seizures begin in both sides of your brain at the same time. The most common types are:
    • Tonic-clonic seizures can last for a few minutes and have serious symptoms such as loss of consciousness and uncontrolled movements.
    • Atonic seizures are brief and make your muscles go limp.
    • Absence seizures last for a few seconds and can cause you to stare into space or blink repeatedly.

Causes of seizures

Seizures can occur due to several health conditions that may disturb the brain, which include:

  • Brain or head injury
  • Brain injury before or during birth
  • Meningitis
  • Alzheimer’s disease or dementia
  • Lupus
  • Heart problems
  • Stroke
  • Brain tumor
  • Epilepsy
  • Extreme high blood pressure
  • Low blood glucose levels
  • Fever

There can be genetic causes, so inform the doctor if anyone in your family has a history of seizures.


Diagnosing seizures

Diagnosing the seizure type can be difficult without proper evaluation. So, Dr.Gurneet Singh Sawhney will thoroughly review your medical history and symptoms and ask you to undergo some tests to verify the seizure’s cause.

The tests may include blood tests to check for electrolyte imbalance, toxicology screening, and spinal tap.

Further, Dr. Sawhney may ask you to undergo an electroencephalogram (EEG). This test measures your brain waves, and reviewing the brain waves during a seizure can help diagnose the type of seizure.

Apart from this, you will have to do a CT scan or MRI scan as these imaging scans provide a clear picture of the brain. The doctor can check for a tumor or blocked blood flow in the brain.

Frequently Asked Questions

Most seizures are not preventable. However, you can minimize them by avoiding their trigger points such as stress, excessive drinking of alcohol, and using illegal drugs.
Take your medication as recommended by the doctor.Also, follow a healthy diet, stay hydrated, sleep well, and exercise regularly.
Generally, a seizure will stop after about 1-2 minutes. However, if itlasts for 5 minutes or more, then it is regarded as a medical emergency. Immediately take the patient to the hospital as it may be life-threatening or cause brain damage.
It would help if you did not do activities that are life-threatening due to loss of consciousness, such as swimming, operating a power tool, taking a bath in a bathtub, and driving.
Also, wearing a medical identification bracelet is beneficial as it will help emergency personnel treat you if you have another seizure.
Getting timely treatment for seizures is vital as its symptoms can worsen, and even the duration may increase. There are chances of coma or death due to extremely prolonged seizures. Also, during a seizure, you may fall and injure yourself.