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migraine headache treatment

Qualification

icon Migraine Treatment: Migraines are a type of headache with signs and symptoms of sensitivity to light, sounds or smells, eye pain, nausea, and vomiting.

icon Causes of Migraine: The exact mechanism by which migraine pain happens is unknown. The present theory is that it is a disorder of nerves and blood vessels in the brain. Migraine headache attacks might be activated by dietary, hormonal, emotional, physical, and even environmental influences.

icon Symptoms of Migraine: The main symptom of a migraine is generally a headache followed by severe pain that gets intense with movement and is disabling, that is, prevents an individual from executing normal activities.

A migraine attack might progress with 4 phases, the signs and symptoms of which can overlay:

  • Early signs: Slight changes one or two days prior to a migraine occurs that direct a migraine might be coming, together with constipation, yawning, mood changes, food hungers, and neck stiffness.

  • Aura: Some individuals experience aura before or thru the headache. Aura symptoms, that develop over 5 minutes and last for up to 1 hour, might comprise of: Visual disturbances, such as sparks of light, zig-zag patterns, or blind spots; numbness or stinging on one side of the face or in an arm/ leg section; and feeling quite giddy or off balance.

  • Headache: This phase could last from 2 to 72 hours, and is observed by a moderate to extreme headache that is excruciating or pulsing, and generally only on one side of the head. An individual may also be more vulnerable to light, sounds, odors, and touch; and undergo sudden chills and sweating, nausea and vomiting, blurry vision and light-headedness.

  • “Hangover”: Post- migraine attack, an individual may feel exhausted and washed out. Confusion, irritability, dizziness, weakness, and sensitivity to light and sound might also be felt the following day.

icon Treatment of Migraine Headache: Unfortunately, there is no cure for migraine headaches – the goal of the migraine treatment is to dismiss the symptoms once they start and try to evade further attacks. More than one chronic migraine treatments might help and it may take time for migraine specialist to see what treatments work best. This will include trying various types or blends of medicines.

icon Pain-relievers: Over-the-counter pain-relievers, which includes paracetamol, aspirin, and ibuprofen, can benefit in migraine management. This quick treatment tends to be most effectual when taken at the advent of the signs and symptoms of a migraine headache attack.

icon Triptans: These are known as prescription drugs developed precisely for migraine headaches. It is believed that triptans work to relieve pain and migraine management by blocking pain pathways and tightening blood vessels in the brain. Some individuals find it effective to combine a triptan with a pain-reliever.

icon Anti-emetics: Anti-sickness medicines, also known as anti-emetics, can decrease the vomiting and nausea related with a migraine headache. They might even be helpful in people who don’t experience nausea or vomiting during their migraine attack. Anti-emetics are best prescription medications and are typically taken along with pain-relievers and triptans.

icon Preventative medicines: Preventative medicines may be prescribed by migraine specialist to decrease the severity or frequency of migraines. They are used when other medicines don’t work; when migraines are severe, continuous or frequent; and when evading possible triggers has not helped to stop migraine pain attacks. These include various instant migraine relief medications that were originally developed and used to avert seizures in people with epilepsy, manage angina and high blood pressure, and antidepressants.