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Dystonia Treatment


Dystonia is a movement disorder in which your muscles contract involuntarily, causing repetitive or twisting movements.

The condition can affect one part of your body (focal dystonia), two or more adjacent parts (segmental dystonia) or all parts of your body (general dystonia). The muscle spasms can range from mild to severe. They may be painful, and they can interfere with your performance of day-to-day tasks.

There's no cure for dystonia. But medications can improve symptoms. Surgery is sometimes used to disable or regulate nerves or certain brain regions in people with severe dystonia.

icon Causes of Dystonia: The exact cause of dystonia isn't known. But it might involve altered nerve-cell communication in several regions of the brain. Some forms of dystonia are inherited.

icon Symptoms of Dystonia:

Dystonia affects different people in varying ways. Muscle contractions might:

  • Begin in a single area, such as your leg, neck or arm. Focal dystonia that begins after age 21 usually starts in the neck, arm or face and tends to remain focal or segmental.

  • Occur during a specific action, such as handwriting.

  • Worsen with stress, fatigue or anxiety.

  • Become more noticeable over time.

icon Treatment of Dystonia: During your initial evaluation with our multidisciplinary team, we will listen to you and assess the impact of dystonia on your everyday activities and goals. Based on this data, you and your care team will create a custom treatment plan to address your dystonia symptoms.

Our dystonia specialists offer a wide range of treatments for all forms of dystonia, including botulinum toxin therapy; physical, occupational and speech therapy; and even deep brain stimulation.